Italian neorealism

related topics
{film, series, show}
{theory, work, human}
{black, white, people}
{war, force, army}
{government, party, election}
{son, year, death}
{country, population, people}
{city, large, area}
{car, race, vehicle}
{style, bgcolor, rowspan}
{city, population, household}

Italian neorealism (Italian: Neorealismo) is a style of film characterized by stories set amongst the poor and working class, filmed on location, frequently using nonprofessional actors. Italian neorealist films mostly contend with the difficult economical and moral conditions of post-World War II Italy, reflecting the changes in the Italian psyche and the conditions of everyday life: poverty and desperation.

Contents

Development

The neorealist style was developed by a circle of film critics that revolved around the magazine Cinema, including Michelangelo Antonioni, Luchino Visconti, Gianni Puccini, Cesare Zavattini, Giuseppe De Santis and Pietro Ingrao. Largely prevented from writing about politics (the editor-in-chief of the magazine was none other than Vittorio Mussolini, son of Benito Mussolini), the critics attacked the telefono bianco films that dominated the industry at the time. As a counter to the poor quality of mainstream films, some of the critics felt that Italian cinema should turn to the realist writers from the turn of the century.

The neo-realists were heavily influenced by French poetic realism. Both Antonioni and Visconti had worked closely with Jean Renoir. Additionally, many of the filmmakers involved in neorealism developed their skills working on calligraphist films (though the short-lived movement was markedly different from neorealism). Elements of neorealism are also found in the films of Alessandro Blasetti and the documentary-style films of Francesco De Robertis. Two of the most significant precursors of neorealism are Toni (Renoir, 1935) and 1860 (Blasetti, 1934).

Full article ▸

related documents
Constantin Stanislavski
Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?
Ubik
John Grierson
The End of Eternity
Fictional universe
Theatre technique
All the King's Men
Bill Viola
Theatre director
Dragonriders of Pern
Philip Roth
Lisa Simpson
Jack O'Neill
From Hell
United Federation of Planets
Of Mice and Men
Les Misérables
Sword and sorcery
Flow My Tears, the Policeman Said
Where Is Everybody?
Seven of Nine
This Modern World
Sherlock, Jr.
Time Enough at Last
Killer of Sheep
Modern Times (film)
Alan Bennett
Antonio Banderas
Eric Cartman