Jørn Utzon

related topics
{build, building, house}
{son, year, death}
{work, book, publish}
{ship, engine, design}
{government, party, election}
{church, century, christian}
{rate, high, increase}
{day, year, event}
{war, force, army}
{@card@, make, design}

Jørn Oberg Utzon, AC (9 April 1918 – 29 November 2008)[1] was a Danish architect most notable for designing the Sydney Opera House in Australia. When the Sydney Opera House was declared a World Heritage Site on 28 June 2007, he became only the second person to have his work recognised as a World Heritage Site while he was still alive.[2]


Early life and career

Utzon was born in Copenhagen, the son of a naval engineer, and grew up in Denmark. From 1937 he attended the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts where he studied under Kay Fisker and Steen Eiler Rasmussen. After graduating in 1942, he went to Sweden to work for Gunnar Asplund. After the end of World War II and the German Occupation of Denmark, he returned to Copenhagen. In 1946 he visited Alvar Aalto in Helsinki. From 1947–48 he travelled in Europe in 1949 in the United States and Mexico. In America he attended Frank Lloyd Wright's school in Arizona.[3] In 1950 he established his own studio in Copenhagen.[4]

Opera House design

In 1957 he unexpectedly won the competition to design the Sydney Opera House. Although he had won six other architectural competitions previously, the Opera House was his first non-domestic project. The designs he submitted were also little more than preliminary drawings. One of the judges, Eero Saarinen, described it as "genius" and declared he could not endorse any other choice.

Utzon refined his original conceptual designs for the shells over several years. One particular difficulty was that the Cahill government was so eager to commence the project that they arranged for the engineers, Ove Arup and Partners, to put out tenders for the podium without adequate working drawings; this work actually began in 1959 while Utzon was still in Denmark working on the final plans.

Full article ▸

related documents
Charles Joseph Bonaparte
Dean Cemetery
Royal Pavilion
Walter Chrysler
John Nash (architect)
Addington Palace
Othmar Ammann
Blickling Hall
John Rennie the Elder
Timothy Eaton
Mobile magazine explosion
Danzig Research Society
Radcliffe Camera
Mission La Purísima Concepción
Fairview Cemetery, Halifax, Nova Scotia
Blithfield Hall
Walton Hall, West Yorkshire
Historic Scotland
List of windmills in the United Kingdom
World Cotton Centennial
Mission San Juan Bautista
Edwin Arnold
Walter Bower
Eunice Kennedy Shriver
Tribute in Light
Yair Bacharach
Piet Hein (Denmark)
Master of the Revels
Johann Georg Baiter