Jackson County, North Carolina

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Jackson County is a county located in the southwest of the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of 2000, the population was 33,121. Since 1913 its county seat has been Sylva[1], replacing Webster.



The county was formed in 1852 from parts of Haywood County and Macon County. It was named for Andrew Jackson, President of the United States from 1829 to 1837.

In 1861 parts of Jackson County and Henderson County were combined to form Transylvania County. In 1871 parts of Jackson County and Macon County were combined to form Swain County.

Law & Government

Jackson County is a member of the regional Southwestern Commission council of governments.

Jackson County contains a portion of the Qualla Boundary, a tribal reservation for the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, which is subject mostly to tribal/federal laws rather than county or state laws.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 494 square miles (1,279.5 km2), of which 491 square miles (1,271.7 km2) is land and 4 square miles (10.4 km2) (0.77%) is water.


The county is divided into fifteen townships: Barker's Creek, Canada, Caney Fork, Cashiers, Cullowhee, Dillsboro, Greens Creek, Hamburg, Mountain, Qualla, River, Savannah, Scotts Creek, Sylva, and Webster. (map)

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