James Hargreaves

related topics
{@card@, make, design}
{son, year, death}
{company, market, business}
{work, book, publish}
{land, century, early}
{law, state, case}
{town, population, incorporate}

James Hargreaves (1720 – 22 April 1778),[1], was a weaver, carpenter and an inventor in Lancashire, England. He is credited with inventing the spinning Jenny in 1764.

Born at Knuzden Brook near Stanhill, Oswaldtwistle in Lancashire, he lived at Blackburn, then a town with a population of about 5,000, known for the production of "Blackburn greys," cloths of linen Warp and cotton weft. They were usually sent to London to be printed. The demand for cotton yarn outstripped supply, and the one-thread spinning wheel could not keep up.

Contents

Spinning jenny

The idea for the spinning jenny is said to have come from the inventor seeing a one-thread wheel overturned upon the floor, when both the wheel and the spindle continued to revolve. He realised that if a number of spindles were placed upright and side by side, several threads might be spun at once. The spinning jenny was confined to producing cotton weft, it was unable to produce yarn of sufficient quality for the warp. High quality warp was later supplied by Arkwright's spinning frame.

The jenny was initially welcomed by the hand spinners, but when the price of yarn fell the mood changed.

Opposition to the machine caused Hargreaves to leave for Nottingham, where the cotton hosiery industry benefited from the increased provision of suitable yarn. Arkwright also ended up in the town, and was even more successful. Hargreaves made jennies for a man called Shipley, and on 12 June 1770, he was granted a patent, which enabled him to take legal action against the Lancashire manufacturers who had begun using it. Although he failed in this, Hargreaves' business was carried on until his death in 1778, the year before that in which Samuel Crompton invented the spinning mule.

External links

Sources

Bibliography

Full article ▸

related documents
Woodworking joints
Granny knot
Pressed flower craft
Adjustable spanner
Jumper dress
Ground stone
Hewing
Diapering
Hangman's knot
Boxing ring
Heelflip
Lithic reduction
Abatis
Wakizashi
Genbukan
Dot matrix
Banner-making
Nutcracker
Indigo
Surcoat
Indy grab
Beadwork
Fasces
Kerchief
Randori
Band-Aid
Red envelope
Lithic core
Luxembourgian euro coins
Yawara