James S. Sherman

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James Schoolcraft Sherman (October 24, 1855 – October 30, 1912) was a United States Representative from New York and the 27th Vice President of the United States. He was a member of the Baldwin, Hoar, and Sherman families.


Early life

Sherman was born in Utica, New York.[1] The son of Richard Updike Sherman and his distant cousin Mary Frances Sherman, he gained his early education through private schools.[1] He attended Hamilton College, where he was a member of the Sigma Phi fraternity, and graduated in 1878.[1] He then studied law for two years, and was admitted to the bar in 1880.[1]

Law and business

Sherman practiced law at the Utica firm of Cookingham & Martin, and was nicknamed "Sunny Jim" for his positive disposition. He married Carrie Babcock in 1881.[1] He also served as president of the Utica Trust & Deposit Co. and of the New Hartford Canning Co. during this period; in 1884, he became mayor of Utica.

U.S. Representative

In 1886, Sherman was elected U.S. Representative from New York's 23rd congressional district as a Republican, defeating incumbent John S. Spriggs in a close election.[1] He was re-elected in another close election in 1888. But in 1890 (a Democrat landslide year) he was narrowly defeated by Henry W. Bentley. In 1892, Sherman defeated Bentley, again in a close race (now in the 25th District, New York's districts having been redrawn in 1891). In 1894, Sherman was easily re-elected, as he was in the next six elections, serving until elected Vice-President in 1908.[2] He served in various positions in Congress, including Chairman of the House Committee on Indian Affairs.[1]

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