James V of Scotland

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Robert Maxwell, 5th Lord Maxwell council of Regency (1536) and Regent Isle of Arran (1513-?)
John, Duke of Albany (1515–24)
Archibald, Earl of Angus (1525–28)

James V (10 April 1512 – 14 December 1542) was King of Scots from 9 September 1513 until his premature death at the age of 30, which followed the Scottish defeat at the Battle of Solway Moss. His only surviving legitimate child, Mary, Queen of Scots, succeeded him to the throne when just six or seven days old.


Early life

The son of King James IV of Scotland and his queen, Margaret Tudor of England, he was born on 10 April 1512, at Linlithgow Palace, West Lothian, and was just seventeen months old when his father was killed at the Battle of Flodden Field on 9 September 1513.

He was crowned in the Chapel Royal at Stirling Castle on 21 September 1513. During his childhood, the country was ruled by regents, first by his mother, Margaret Tudor (sister of King Henry VIII of England), until she remarried the following year, and thereafter by John Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany, who was himself next in line for the throne after James and his younger brother, the posthumously-born Alexander Stewart, Duke of Ross. Other regents included Robert Maxwell, 5th Lord Maxwell a member of the council of Regency who was also bestowed as Regent of Arran the largest island in the Firth of Clyde. In February 1517, James came from Stirling to Holyroodhouse but during at outbreak of plague in the city he was moved to the care of De la Bastie at nearby rural Craigmillar Castle.[1] At Stirling, the 10 year old James had a guard of 20 footmen dressed in his colours, red and yellow. When he went to the Park below the Castle, 'by secret and in right fair and soft wedder (weather),' six horsemen would scour the countryside two miles roundabout for intruders.[2] Poets wrote his own nursery rhymes, advising him on royal behaviour. William Stewart in his Princelie Majestie counselled against ice-skating;

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