Jay, New York

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Jay is a town in Essex County, New York, United States. The population was 2,306 at the 2000 census. The town is named after John Jay, governor of New York when the town was formed.

The Town of Jay in on the north border of the county and is 25 miles (40 km) southwest of Plattsburgh, 25 miles (40 km) west-southwest of Burlington, VT, 79 miles (127 km) south of Montreal, Quebec, and 119 (192 km) north of Albany, NY.[1] Jay is inside the Adirondack Park.



Jay was formerly known as "Mallory's Bush", after the principal settlement, based on early settler Nathaniel Mallory, who arrived around 1797.

The Town of Jay was formed in 1798 from part of the Town of Willsboro. Afterwards, part of Jay was used to form, in whole or part, the Towns of Keene (1808), Elizabethtown and Wilmington (1821). In 1822, the town was increased by territory from the Town of Chateaugay (now in Franklin County), and the Town of Peru (now in Clinton County).

Lumber production and iron ore extraction were important to the early econmomy of the town.

Land of Makebelieve, a former theme park (1954–1979), was located in Upper Jay.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 68.3 square miles (176.8 km²), of which, 67.7 square miles (175.4 km²) of it is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km²) of it (0.76%) is water.

The north town line, partly defined by the Ausable River is the border of Clinton County. The East Branch of the Ausable River flows northward near the west town line.

New York State Route 9N is a north-south highway through the town, following the course of the Ausable River.


As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 2,306 people, 918 households, and 651 families residing in the town. The population density was 34.0 people per square mile (13.1/km²). There were 1,443 housing units at an average density of 21.3/sq mi (8.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.44% White, 0.30% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 0.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.61% of the population.

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