Jeffrey Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst

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The Lord Amherst

War of the Austrian Succession

Second Jacobite Rising
Seven Years' War

Field Marshal Jeffery Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst KCB (sometimes spelled Geoffrey, or Jeffrey, he himself spelled his name as Jeffery) (29 January 1717 – 3 August 1797) served as an officer in the British Army and as Commander-in-Chief of the Forces.

Amherst is best known as one of the victors of the French and Indian War, when he conquered Louisbourg, Quebec City and Montreal. He was also the first British Governor General in the territories that eventually became Canada. Numerous places and streets are named for him, both in Canada and the United States.


Early life

Jeffery Amherst was born in Sevenoaks, England on 29 January 1717, into a family of lawyers[1] His brothers included Admiral John Amherst and Lieutenant General William Amherst.[2] From an early age he received the patronage of the Duke of Dorset. Amherst became a soldier in 1735 when he became an ensign in the Grenadier Guards.[3]

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