Jemez Springs, New Mexico

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Jemez Springs is a village in Sandoval County, New Mexico, United States. The population was 375 at the 2000 census.[1] Named for the nearby Pueblo of Jemez[2]:76, the village is the site of Jemez State Monument and the headquarters of the Jemez Ranger District. The village and nearby locations in the Jemez Valley are the site of hot springs and several religious retreats.

Contents

Geography

Situated in the Jemez Mountains, Jemez Springs is located entirely within the Santa Fe National Forest. The village is sited on the Jemez River in the red rock San Diego Canyon.[2]:143 State Highway 4 passes through the settlement on the east bank of the Rio Grande tributary. Geothermal springs in and near the village feed the Jemez River. The village has a total area of 4.8 square miles (12.4 km²), all of it land.

History

The Jemez Valley is thought to have been inhabited for the last 4500 years. The Spaniards who visited the area beginning in 1540 reported multiple Native American pueblos (villages), in the valley. The Franciscan mission church San José de los Jemez was built just to the north of the current village in 1621 but was abandoned around the 1640s. Today the ruins are the site of Jemez State Monument. Following the Pueblo Revolt the Jemez people began converging at the current Pueblo of Jemez. In the nineteenth century the valley was given over to mostly agrarian and pastoral uses.[3]

Jemez Springs' post office opened in 1907. The village is named for the Pueblo of Jemez twelve miles to the south.[2]:76. The 1907 post office was preceded by one established in 1884 named Archuleta. The village's current main bathhouse originates from this period. In 1947 two Roman Catholic retreats were founded nearby, the Congregation of the Servants of the Paraclete and the Handmaids of the Precious Blood. The village was incorporated in 1955.[3] Following enthusiasm from supporters of Kyozan Joshu Sasaki in 1972, the Bodhi Manda Zen Center, a Rinzai training academy, was founded.[4]

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