Jewish Autonomous Oblast

related topics
{group, member, jewish}
{country, population, people}
{war, force, army}
{theory, work, human}
{area, part, region}
{build, building, house}
{school, student, university}
{land, century, early}
{city, large, area}
{day, year, event}
{government, party, election}
{work, book, publish}
{film, series, show}
{line, north, south}
{company, market, business}
{black, white, people}

The Jewish Autonomous Oblast (Russian: Евре́йская автоно́мная о́бласть, Yevreyskaya avtonomnaya oblast; Yiddish: ייִדישע אווטאָנאָמע געגנט, yidishe avtonome gegnt[11]) forms a federal subject of Russia (an autonomous oblast) situated in the Russian Far East, bordering Khabarovsk Krai and Amur Oblast of Russia and Heilongjiang province of China. Its administrative center is Birobidzhan.

Soviet authorities established the autonomous oblast in 1934. It was the result of Joseph Stalin's nationality policy, which allowed for the Jews of the Soviet Union to receive a territory in which to pursue Yiddish cultural heritage within a socialist framework.[12] According to the 1939 population census, 17,695 Jews lived in the region (16% of the total population). The census of 1959, taken 6 years after Stalin's death, revealed that the Jewish population of the JAO declined to 14,269 persons.[13] As of 2002, 2,327 Jews were living in the JAO (1.2% of the total population), while ethnic Russians made up 90% of the JAO population.

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Masorti
Lions Clubs International
Synagogue
Canadian Unitarian Council
RIPE
Torah study
Relationships between Jewish religious movements
Yeshiva
Twelve-step program
Bar and Bat Mitzvah
The Salvation Army
Zalman Schachter-Shalomi
Louis Finkelstein
Hasidic Judaism
Hospitality Club
Unification Church and antisemitism
The Wildlife Trusts partnership
Shabbat
Boy Scout
Mouride
YMCA
Tarnów
Birobidzhan
Samson Raphael Hirsch
World Organization of the Scout Movement
Marabout
Zecharias Frankel
Samaritans (charity)
Kollel
Religious denomination