Joachim II Hector (German: Joachim II. Hector or Hektor) (13 January 1505 – 3 January 1571) was a Prince-elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg (1535–1571). A member of the House of Hohenzollern, Joachim II was the son of Joachim I Nestor, Elector of Brandenburg and his wife Elizabeth of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. He was nicknamed after the Hector of Greek mythology.
Joachim II was born in Cölln. His first marriage was to Magdalena of Saxony, from the ducal Albertine line of the House of Wettin.
His father, Joachim I 'Nestor,' made Joachim 'Hector' sign an inheritance contract in which he promised to remain Roman Catholic. This was intended in part to assist Joachim Nestor's younger brother, the Archbishop-Elector Albert of Mainz, who had incurred debts with the banking house of Fugger in order to pay the Holy See for his elevation to the episcopal see of Halberstadt and for a dispensation permitting him to accumulate the sees of Magdeburg and Mainz.
Joachim Nestor, who had co-financed this accumulation of offices, agreed to recover these costs from the people of his electorate by permitting the selling of indulgences. In the neighbouring Electorate of Saxony Elector John Frederick I forbade the sale of indulgences, not because he disagreed with them in principle, but because his candidate for the see of Mainz had been outbid for the position by Albert of Mainz. However, John Frederick's subject Martin Luther persuaded the Elector to reject indulgences. Thus the financing of the investment and fulfillment of the credit contracts with Fugger, depended on the sale of indulgences to Catholic believers in Brandenburg. However, had Joachim Hector not signed this pact, he would likely have been passed over in the line of inheritance.
Joachim Hector's first wife Magdalena died in 1534, and in 1535 he married Hedwig of Poland, daughter of Sigismund I the Old of the Poland-Lithuania. As the Jagiellon dynasty was Catholic, Joachim II promised Sigismund that he would not make Hedwig change her religious affiliation.
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