Joanna of Navarre

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Joan of Navarre (c. 1370 – 10 June 1437) was a daughter of King Charles II of Navarre and Joan of France.[1] Her maternal grandparents were John II of France and Bonne of Luxembourg. Through marriage she was the Duchess Consort of Brittany and later the Queen consort of England when she wed King Henry IV of England.

Contents

First marriage

On 2 October 1386, Joanna married her first husband, John V, Duke of Brittany.[2] They had nine children:

Second marriage: Queen of England

Her first husband died on 1 November 1399. She remained a widow for four years and acted as a regent for her son John VI during that time. According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, affection developed between Jeanne and Henry Bolingbroke (the future King Henry IV) while he resided at the Bretagne court during his banishment from England. In 1403, Joan became the second wife of Henry IV. They had no children, but she is recorded as having had a good relationship with Henry's children from his first marriage, often taking the side of the future Henry V, "Prince Hal," in his quarrels with his father.

Nevertheless, during the reign of Henry V, she was accused of using witchcraft to try to poison him. She was convicted in 1419 and imprisoned for about four years in Pevensey Castle in Sussex, England. After that she lived quietly at Nottingham Castle, through Henry V's reign and into that of his son, Henry VI. She is buried in Canterbury Cathedral next to Henry IV.

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