John Brunner (novelist)

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John Kilian Houston Brunner (24 September 1934 – 26 August 1995) was a prolific British author of science fiction novels and stories. His 1968 novel Stand on Zanzibar, about an overpopulated world, won the 1968 Hugo Award for best science fiction novel. It also won the BSFA award the same year. The Jagged Orbit won the BSFA award in 1970.



He was born at Preston Crowmarsh, near Wallingford in Oxfordshire, and went to school at Cheltenham. He wrote his first novel, Galactic Storm, at 17, published under the name of Gill Hunt, but did not write full time until 1958.[1] He served as an officer in the Royal Air Force from 1953 to 1955, and married Marjorie Rosamond Sauer on 1958-07-12. His health began to decline in the 1980s, and worsened with the death of his wife Marjorie in 1986. He remarried, to Li Yi Tan, on 27 September 1991. Brunner died of a stroke in Glasgow, Scotland on 25 August 1995, while attending the World Science Fiction Convention there.[2] Brunner was popular in science fiction fandom in his native Britain.

Literary works

At first writing conventional space opera, he later began to experiment with the novel form. His 1968 novel Stand on Zanzibar, about overpopulation, won the 1969 Hugo Award for best science fiction novel.[3] It also won the BSFA award the same year. The Jagged Orbit won the BSFA award in 1970. His novel The Sheep Look Up (1972) was a prophetic warning of ecological disaster. Brunner is credited with coining the term "worm" in his 1975's proto-Cyberpunk novel The Shockwave Rider, in which he used it to describe software which reproduces itself across a computer network. His pen names include: K. H. Brunner, Gill Hunt, John Loxmith, Trevor Staines, and Keith Woodcott.[1]

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