John Everett Millais

related topics
{church, century, christian}
{son, year, death}
{theory, work, human}
{work, book, publish}
{film, series, show}
{black, white, people}
{water, park, boat}
{style, bgcolor, rowspan}
{service, military, aircraft}

Sir John Everett Millais, 1st Baronet, PRA (8 June 1829 – 13 August 1896) was an English painter and illustrator and one of the founders of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.

Contents

Early life

Millais (pronounced Mih-lay) was born in Southampton, England in 1829, of a prominent Jersey-based family. His prodigious artistic talent won him a place at the Royal Academy schools at the unprecedented age of eleven. While there, he met William Holman Hunt and Dante Gabriel Rossetti with whom he formed the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (known as the "PRB") in September 1848 in his family home on Gower Street, off Bedford Square.

Pre-Raphaelite works

Millais' Christ In The House Of His Parents (1850) was highly controversial because of its realistic portrayal of a working class Holy Family labouring in a messy carpentry workshop. Later works were also controversial, though less so. Millais achieved popular success with A Huguenot (1852), which depicts a young couple about to be separated because of religious conflicts. He repeated this theme in many later works. All these early works were painted with great attention to detail, often concentrating on the beauty and complexity of the natural world. In paintings such as Ophelia (1852) Millais created dense and elaborate pictorial surfaces based on the integration of naturalistic elements. This approach has been described as a kind of "pictorial eco-system".

This style was promoted by the critic John Ruskin, who had defended the Pre-Raphaelites against their critics. Millais' friendship with Ruskin introduced him to Ruskin's wife Effie. Soon after they met she modelled for his painting The Order of Release. As Millais painted Effie they fell in love. Despite having been married to Ruskin for several years, Effie was still a virgin. Her parents realized something was wrong and she filed for an annulment. In 1856, after her marriage to Ruskin was annulled, Effie and John Millais married. He and Effie eventually had eight children: Everett, born in 1856; George, born in 1857; Effie, born in 1858; Mary, born in 1860; Alice, born in 1862; Geoffroy, born in 1863; John in 1865; and Sophie in 1868. Their youngest son, John Guille Millais, became a notable naturalist and wildlife artist.

Full article ▸

related documents
Berthe Morisot
Quentin Matsys
Constantin Brâncuşi
Ulrich of Augsburg
Diego Rivera
Edmund Grindal
Pope Callixtus II
Pope Nicholas V
Pope Clement XII
Pope Clement VI
Gasparo Contarini
Mikael Agricola
Pope Urban II
Pope Damasus I
Lancelot “Capability” Brown
Vaux-le-Vicomte
Framlingham Castle
Æthelbald of Mercia
Benedict Biscop
Alcuin
Plumstead
Carl Larsson
Lancelot Andrewes
Robert Bellarmine
Montparnasse
John Bale
Clovis I
Henri Matisse
Bernardino Ochino
Dunstan