John James Audubon

related topics
{son, year, death}
{specie, animal, plant}
{work, book, publish}
{@card@, make, design}
{land, century, early}
{build, building, house}
{company, market, business}
{day, year, event}
{church, century, christian}
{water, park, boat}
{theory, work, human}
{line, north, south}
{island, water, area}
{school, student, university}
{film, series, show}
{county, mile, population}
{rate, high, increase}

John James Audubon (April 26, 1785 – January 27, 1851) was a French-American ornithologist, naturalist, hunter, and painter. He painted, catalogued, and described the birds of North America in a manner far superior to what had gone before. Born in the French colony of Saint Domingue (now Haiti) and raised in France as a youth, in his embrace of America and his outsize personality and achievements, he represented the new American people of the United States.


Early life

Audubon was born in the Les Cayes in the French colony of Saint Domingue[1] on his father's sugar plantation. He was the illegitimate son of Lieutenant Jean Audubon, a French naval officer (and privateer), and his mistress Jeanne Rabin, a chambermaid recently arrived from France. They named the boy Jean Rabin.[2] His mother died when the boy was a few months old, as she had suffered from tropical diseases since arriving on the island. His father already had two mixed-race children by his mulatto housekeeper, Sanitte, and he took up with her again and had another daughter following Jeanne Rabin's death. Sanitte also took care of the infant boy Jean.[3]

During the American Revolution, Jean Audubon was imprisoned by the British. After his release, he helped the American cause.[4] A slave rebellion in Saint-Domingue in 1788 convinced Jean Audubon to sell his holdings and return to France with his French son and infant mixed-race daughter, who was very fair (She was the daughter of Sanitte).[5][6]

Full article ▸

related documents
Louis Leakey
Charles, Prince of Wales
Earl of Pembroke
Margaret Tudor
Catherine of Aragon
The Way of All Flesh (novel)
Louis XVII of France
Eleanor of Aquitaine
W. Somerset Maugham
Courtesy titles in the United Kingdom
Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
The Last Man
Alexandra of Denmark
James Joyce
House of Romanov
Louis-Philippe of France
William III of England
The Count of Monte Cristo
Diana, Princess of Wales
Victoria of the United Kingdom
Gone with the Wind
List of science fiction authors
The Marriage of Figaro
Robert Louis Stevenson
Alexander I of Russia
Anton Chekhov
Henry II of England
Jean de La Fontaine
George V of the United Kingdom