John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe

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Boxer Rebellion
World War I

Admiral of the Fleet John Rushworth Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe, GCB, OM, GCVO (5 December 1859 – 20 November 1935) was a British Royal Navy admiral who commanded the Grand Fleet at the Battle of Jutland in World War I. His handling of the fleet at Jutland remains controversial. Jellicoe later served as First Sea Lord of the Admiralty, but he was removed by a new First Lord because of differences over policy and Britain's ability to carry on the war.


Early career

Born in Southampton into a seafaring family,[1] Jellicoe joined the Royal Navy as a cadet in 1872 and was posted to HMS Britannia.[1] He was made a midshipman on the wooden steam fully rigged frigate, HMS Newcastle in September 1874.[1] He joined HMS Agincourt, flagship of the channel squadron, in July 1877.[1]

He then spent six months on HMS Alexandra, flagship of the Mediterranean Fleet, as signal sub-lieutenant.[1] He was promoted Lieutenant on 23 September 1880.[1] He specialized in gunnery and returned to HMS Agincourt in February 1881.[1] As a Lieutenant from HMS Agincourt during the Egyptian war, he commanded a rifle company in the Naval Brigade at Ismailia[1] and earned the Egyptian Medal and the Khedive's Bronze Star for this action.

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