John the Baptist

related topics
{god, call, give}
{church, century, christian}
{son, year, death}
{day, year, event}
{country, population, people}
{group, member, jewish}
{woman, child, man}
{film, series, show}
{city, large, area}
{city, population, household}
{town, population, incorporate}

John the Baptist (Hebrew: יוחנן המטביל, Yoḥanan ha-mmatbil, Arabic: يحيىYahyá or يوحنا المعمدان Yūhannā al-maʿmadān, Aramaic: ܝܘܚܢܢ Yoḥanan)[1] (c. 6 BC– c. 36 AD) was an itinerant preacher[2] and a major religious figure[3] who led a movement of baptism at the Jordan River.[4] Most historians agree he baptized Jesus.[5]

John was a historical figure mentioned in each of the Canonical gospels, Aramaic Matthew and by the Jewish historian Josephus. [6] He followed the example of previous Hebrew prophets, living austerely, challenging sinful rulers, calling for repentance, and promising God's justice. John is regarded as a prophet in Christianity, Islam,[7] the Bahá'í Faith,[8] and Mandaeism. Some scholars maintain that he was influenced by the Essenes, who were semi-ascetic, expected an apocalypse, and practiced rituals conferring strongly with baptism,[9] although there is no direct evidence to substantiate this.[10]

John's baptism was a purification rite for repentant sinners, performed in "living water" (in this case a running river) in accord with Jewish custom. John anticipated a messianic figure who would be greater than himself.[11] Jesus may have been a follower of John.[4][12][13] Herod Antipas saw John as a threat and had him executed at his wife's request.[3] Many Christian theologians believe that the ministry of Jesus followed John's, and some of Jesus' early followers had previously been followers of John.[14] Both John and Jesus preached at times of great political, social, and religious conflict.

Accounts of John in the New Testament are not incompatible with the account in Josephus.[15] In the New Testament Jesus is the one whose coming John foretold. Herod has John imprisoned for denouncing his marriage, and he is later executed.[2] Christians commonly refer to John as the precursor or forerunner of Jesus,[16] since in the Gospels, John announces Jesus' coming. He is also identified with the prophet Elijah,[14] and is described by the Gospel of Luke as a relative of Jesus.[17]

Full article ▸

related documents
Hoysala architecture
Architecture of Cambodia
Ascension of Jesus
Good Friday
Spiritual gift
Our Lady of Guadalupe
Pontius Pilate
Original sin
Lord's Prayer
First Book of Nephi
Old Testament
Massacre of the Innocents
Vala (Middle-earth)
Olivet discourse