José Martí International Airport

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José Martí International Airport (IATA: HAVICAO: MUHA), previously called El Rancho Boyeros International Airport, is located 15 km (9 mi) southwest of Havana, Cuba, and is a hub for Cubana de Aviación, Aerogaviota and Aero Caribbean, and former Latin American hub for Aeroflot Soviet Airlines[1]. The airport lies in the municipality of Boyeros. It is named in memory of patriot and poet José Martí.

Havana airport is operated by ECASA (Empresa Cubana de Aeropuertos y Servicios Aeronáuticos S.A.). It is Cuba's main international and domestic gateway, it serves several million passengers each year, 80% of Cuba's international passengers along with Varadero's Juan Gualberto Gómez Airport.

There are currently three terminals in use at the airport plus an additional terminal operated only by Aero Caribbean.

Contents

History

The construction of José Martí Airport was authorized in March 1929. On 24 February 1930, the airport officially opened, replacing Havana Columbia Airport. On 30 October 1930, Cubana de Aviación's (at the time CNCAC, S.A.) first ever flight Havana-Santiago de Cuba carried the mail using a Ford trimotor with stops in Santa Clara, Morón and Camaguey. In 1936 non-commercial flights to Madrid started with an Lockheed Sirius aircraft made out of wood lined with cloth, had a Pratt & Whitney Wasp 550 hp (410 kW) engine, a cruising speed of 180 mph and no radio. The aircraft named "4th of September" was commanded by Capt. Antonio Menéndez Pélaez and was flown previously between Camaguey, Cuba and Seville, Spain. By January 1943 the airport had its first control tower and was as well the first control tower in the country. The first commercial international flight out of the airport was flown by Cubana de Aviación's DC-3 Havana-Miami. By 1950 the airport had a second route to Europe, the flight known as "The route of the stars" Havana-Rome operated by a Cubana DC-4.

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