Junction, Illinois

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Junction is a village in Gallatin County, Illinois, United States. The population was 139 at the 2000 census.

Contents

Geography

Junction is located at 37°43′22″N 88°14′17″W / 37.72278°N 88.23806°W / 37.72278; -88.23806 (37.722726, -88.237973).[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.9 square miles (2.3 km²), all of it land.

History

The Crenshaw House, better known as "The Old Slave House", is located at Junction, near the intersection of Illinois Route 13 and Route 1. A mansion atop Hickory Hill, the house was built in 1842 by John Crenshaw, who employed black slaves to work the nearby saline wells. Crenshaw also operated an underground railroad in reverse, capturing free blacks and selling them into slavery. The house is believed by some to be haunted and a number of journalists and thrill seekers have attempted to spend nights in the house. The house was operated as a privately owned tourist attraction for a time until 1996. The cramped slave quarters in the attic could be viewed. The state of Illinois purchased the site in 2000 and local activists hope to see it opened as a historical site. The salt springs can be visited. They are on state land along the south bank of the Saline River, just east of the bridge on Route 1.

The low-lying town has been plagued by Ohio River floods in 1937 and again in 1997.

The Island Riffle variety of watermelon is a popular crop in the area.

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 139 people, 66 households, and 43 families residing in the village. The population density was 156.7 people per square mile (60.3/km²). There were 75 housing units at an average density of 84.5/sq mi (32.5/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 96.40% White, 2.88% Native American and 0.72% Asian. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.88% of the population.

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