Juris Doctor

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Juris Doctor (see etymology and abbreviations below) is a first professional[1][2] graduate degree[3][4][5] and professional doctorate[6][7][8][9][10][11] in law. The degree was first awarded by Harvard University in the United States in the late 19th century as a degree similar to the old European doctor of law degree (such as the Dottore in Giurisprudenza in Italy and the Juris Utriusque Doctor in Germany and Central Europe).[12] Originating from the 19th century Harvard movement for the scientific study of law, it is the only law degree that has a goal of being the primary professional preparation for lawyers and the only professional degree in law. It is a three year program in most jurisdictions.[13][14] As with other professional doctorates (M.D., D.O., D.D.S., etc.), a research dissertation is not required.


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