Kailua, Hawaii County, Hawaii

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Kailua is a census-designated place (CDP) in Hawaiʻi County, Hawaiʻi, United States, in the North Kona District of the Island of Hawaiʻi. The population was 9,869 at the 2000 census. It is the center of commerce and of the tourist industry on West Hawaiʻi. Its post office is designated "Kailua-Kona" to differentiate it from the larger Kailua located on windward Oʻahu, although it is often referred to as "Kona" in everyday speech. The city is served by Kona International Airport, located in the adjacent Kalaoa CDP.[1] Kailua-Kona was the closest major settlement to the epicenter of the 2006 Hawaiʻi Earthquake.

Contents

History

The community was established by King Kamehameha I to be his seat of government (he was originally the chief of Kona before consolidating rule of the archipelago), and the capital of the newly unified Kingdom of Hawaiʻi. (The capital was later moved to Lāhainā, then, to Honolulu.) Royal fishponds at Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park were the hub of unified Hawaiian culture. The town then functioned as a retreat of the Hawaiian royal family. Up until the late 1900s, Kailua-Kona was primarily a small fishing village.[2] More recently, this region has undergone a real estate and construction boom fueled by tourism and investment.

Geography

Kailua is located at 19°39′0″N 155°59′39″W / 19.65°N 155.99417°W / 19.65; -155.99417 (19.649973, -155.994028),[3] along the shoreline of Kailua Bay and up the southern slope of Hualālai volcano. There are no major rivers or streams in Kailua or on the Kona side of Hawaii.[4]

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