Kalawao County, Hawaii

related topics
{county, mile, population}
{household, population, female}
{area, part, region}
{disease, patient, cell}
{water, park, boat}
{son, year, death}
{law, state, case}
{island, water, area}
{area, community, home}
{service, military, aircraft}
{village, small, smallsup}

Kalawao County is a county located in the U.S. state of Hawaii. The county is on the Kalaupapa Peninsula, on the north coast of the island of Molokaʻi. The small peninsula of Kalaupapa is isolated from the rest of Molokaʻi by sea cliffs over a quarter-mile high—the only land access is a mule trail.

Kalawao County is a separate county from the rest of Molokaʻi, which is part of Maui County. Maui County does not claim jurisdiction over the three villages of Kalaupapa, Kalawao, and Waikolu. Some maps, however, do not show Kalawao as a separate county.

The county does not have a county government, with the exception of a sheriff who is selected from local residents by the State Department of Health, which administers the county.[1]

The county is coextensive with the Kalaupapa National Historical Park, and encompasses the Kalaupapa Settlement where the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi, the Republic of Hawaiʻi, the territory, and the state once exiled persons suffering from leprosy (Hansen's disease) beginning in the 1860s. The quarantine policy was lifted in 1969, after the disease became treatable on an outpatient basis and could be rendered non-contagious. However, many of the resident patients chose to remain, and the state has promised they can stay there for the rest of their lives. No new patients, or other permanent residents, are admitted. Visitors are only permitted as part of officially sanctioned tours. State law prohibits anyone under the age of 16 from visiting or living there, although limited exceptions have been made for children seeing their relatives.

With a population of 147 at the 2000 census, Kalawao County's population is the second smallest of any county in the United States, ahead of only Loving County, Texas. Ranked by median household income, it is the poorest county in the United States.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 52 square miles (136 km²), of which, 13 square miles (34 km²) of it is land and 39 square miles (101 km²) of it is water (mostly the Pacific Ocean). By land area, it is the smallest county in the United States.

Full article ▸

related documents
Belknap County, New Hampshire
Rockwall County, Texas
Pike County, Ohio
Madison County, Alabama
Henry County, Kentucky
Accomack County, Virginia
Forsyth County, North Carolina
Stokes County, North Carolina
Buncombe County, North Carolina
Scotts Bluff County, Nebraska
Menominee County, Wisconsin
Putnam County, Ohio
Tarrant County, Texas
Le Sueur County, Minnesota
Summit County, Utah
Clay County, North Carolina
Scott County, Iowa
Crawford County, Illinois
Butler County, Ohio
Andrew County, Missouri
Randolph County, Alabama
Noble County, Ohio
Dane County, Wisconsin
Twin Falls County, Idaho
Cuyahoga County, Ohio
Pendleton County, Kentucky
Bell County, Kentucky
Macon County, North Carolina
Somerset County, Pennsylvania
Mono County, California