Kalifornsky, Alaska

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Kalifornsky is a census-designated place (CDP) in Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska, United States. The population was 5,846 at the 2000 census.

Contents

Location

Kalifornsky is located at 60°28′24″N 151°12′5″W / 60.47333°N 151.20139°W / 60.47333; -151.20139 (60.473421, -151.201427)[1].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 70.2 square miles (181.7 km²), of which, 69.2 square miles (179.2 km²) of it is land and 1.0 square miles (2.5 km²) of it (1.37%) is water.

Kalifornsky is on the eastern shore of Cook Inlet on the Kenai Peninsula in Alaska. It lies off the Sterling Highway along Kalifornsky Beach Road, 10 miles south of the city of Kenai.[2]

Climate

Kalifornsky CDP has relatively mild winter temperatures, ranging from 14º to 27º Fahrenheit. Summer temperatures are relatively cool ranging from 45º to 65º Fahrenheit. Average annual precipitation is 24 inches.[2]

History and Culture

The place name Kalifonsky (omitting the letter r) was noted in 1916 by the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, with its etymology attributed to an Indian word kali meaning "fishermen."[2]

However, this place name appears to have been due to a mistaken transcription[3] of the village name Kalifornsky, which took its name from the surname of the village's founder, a Dena'ina Indian named Qadanalchen (meaning "acts quickly" in the Outer Inlet dialect of the Dena'ina language). Qadanalchen had worked at the Russian American colony of Fort Ross in California from about 1812 to about 1821. On his return to Alaska, Qadanalchen took the name Kalifornsky,[4] the Russian equivalent of "Californian."[5]

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