Kandahar

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Kandahār or Qandahār (Pashto/Persian: کندهار or قندهار, Greek: Αλεξάνδρεια αραχνοειδής Transliteration: Alexandria Arachosia) is the second largest city in Afghanistan, with a population of about 450,000. It is the capital of Kandahar province, located in the south of the country at about 1,005 m (3,297 feet) above sea level. The Arghandab River runs along the west of the city. "Kandahar" is the latest modified form of the ancient name Gandhara.[3]

Kandahar is a major trading center for sheep, wool, cotton, silk, felt, food grains, fresh and dried fruit, and tobacco. The region produces fine fruits, especially pomegranates and grapes, and the city has plants for canning, drying, and packing fruit. Kandahar has an international airport and extensive road links with Farah and Herat to the west, Ghazni and Kabul to the northeast, Tareen Kot to the north, and Quetta in Pakistan to the south.

Many empires have long fought over the city, due to its strategic location along the trade routes of Southern and Central Asia. In 1748, Ahmad Shah Durrani, founder of the Afghan Empire, made Kandahar the capital of Afghanistan.[4][5] From 1996 to 2001, Kandahar served as the capital of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan. Since 2002, the city is slowly being rebuilt while it deals with the Taliban insurgency at the same time.

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