Kapa'a, Hawai'i

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Kapaʻa is a census-designated place (CDP) in Kauaʻi County, Hawaiʻi, United States. The population was 9,472 at the 2000 census.

The town has a large concentration of hotels, shopping centers, and tourist-oriented shops and restaurants. It also has the worst traffic congestion on the island of Kauaʻi, with a regular mainland-style rush hour each afternoon. The state government has built an inland bypass road and implemented a contraflow lane reversal program; these measures have only partially alleviated the traffic problems.

Contents

History

Kapaʻa literally means "the solid" in Hawaiian (a reference to a rock quarry on Oʻahu that shares the same name).[1] It is located in the ancient district of Puna, in the Kapaʻa ahupuaʻa or county. Ahupuaʻa were pie shaped wedges of land that stretched from mountain to sea allowing its inhabitants the full range of landscapes and climates. The famous "Sleeping Giant" or Nounou Mountain overlooks the town. Agriculture was a big industry throughout most of the 19th and 20th centuries. Sugar cane was grown along with the largest pineapple fields on Kauai. A pineapple cannery was located where the Pono Kai condominiums now stand.

Geography

Kapaʻa is located at 22°5′18″N 159°20′16″W / 22.08833°N 159.33778°W / 22.08833; -159.33778 (22.088281, -159.337706)[2].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 10.0 square miles (25.9 km²), of which, 9.8 square miles (25.3 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.6 km²) of it (2.40%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 9,471 people, 3,129 households, and 2,281 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 971.2 people per square mile (375.1/km²). There were 3,632 housing units at an average density of 372.4/sq mi (143.8/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 27.81% White, 0.34% African American, 0.52% Native American, 31.67% Asian, 9.95% Pacific Islander, 1.00% from other races, and 28.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.46% of the population.

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