Katyusha rocket launcher

related topics
{ship, engine, design}
{war, force, army}
{service, military, aircraft}
{car, race, vehicle}
{@card@, make, design}
{album, band, music}
{company, market, business}
{woman, child, man}

Katyusha multiple rocket launchers (Russian: Катюша) are a type of rocket artillery first built and fielded by the Soviet Union in World War II. Compared to other artillery, these multiple rocket launchers deliver a devastating amount of explosives to an area target quickly, but with lower accuracy and requiring a longer time to reload. They are fragile compared to artillery guns, but inexpensive and easy to produce. Katyushas of World War II, the first self-propelled artillery mass-produced by the Soviet Union,[1] were usually mounted on trucks. This mobility gave Katyushas (and other self-propelled artillery) another advantage: being able to deliver a large blow all at once, and then move before being located and attacked with counter-battery fire.

Katyusha weapons of World War II included the BM-13 launcher, light BM-8, and heavy BM-31. Today, the nickname is also applied to newer truck-mounted Soviet multiple rocket launchers—notably the common BM-21—and derivatives.

Contents

The nickname

Initially, the secrecy kept their military designation from being known by the soldiers who operated them. They were called by code names such as Kostikov Guns (after the head of the RNII), and finally classed as Guards Mortars.[2] The name BM-13 was only allowed into secret documents in 1942, and remained classified until after the war.[3]

Because they were marked with the letter K, for Voronezh Komintern Factory,[3] Red Army troops adopted a nickname from Mikhail Isakovsky's popular wartime song, Katyusha, about a girl longing for her absent beloved, who is away performing military service.[4] Katyusha is the Russian equivalent of Katie, an endearing diminutive form of the name Katherine: Yekaterina →Katya →Katyusha.

Full article ▸

related documents
Bomber
MGM-51 Shillelagh
Auxiliary power unit
Trident missile
Bristol Beaufighter
Sloop
Torpedo tube
Miller cycle
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21
V-2 rocket
Steam turbine
AIM-7 Sparrow
CH-47 Chinook
Mary Rose
IMI Galil
Turboprop
Reciprocating engine
Ground effect in aircraft
USS Big Horn (AO-45)
Heinkel He 162
Turbopump
V-22 Osprey
Boeing RC-135
Bachem Ba 349
LGM-30 Minuteman
Submachine gun
Aerospike engine
Space Shuttle program
German Type VII submarine
AK-74