Khosrau I

related topics
{war, force, army}
{son, year, death}
{god, call, give}
{country, population, people}
{theory, work, human}
{church, century, christian}
{build, building, house}
{line, north, south}
{rate, high, increase}
{city, population, household}
{language, word, form}

Khosrau I (also called Chosroes I in classical sources, most commonly known in Persian as Anushirvan, Persian: انوشيروان meaning the immortal soul), also known as Anushiravan the Just (انوشیروان عادل , Anushiravān-e-ādel or انوشيروان دادگر, Anushiravān-e-dādgar) (r. 531–579), was the favourite son and successor of Kavadh I (488–531), twentieth Sassanid Emperor (Great King) of Persia, and the most famous and celebrated of the Sassanid Emperors.

He laid the foundations of many cities and opulent palaces, and oversaw the repair of trade roads as well as the building of numerous bridges and dams. During Khosrau I's ambitious reign, art and science flourished in Persia and the Sassanid Empire reached its peak of glory and prosperity. His rule was preceded by his father's and succeeded by Hormizd IV.


Early life

Khosrau I's father, Kavadh I, was involved with a group of Zoroastrians called the Mazdakites. The Mazdakites believed in an egalitarian society and many lower class peasants supported the Mazdakite revolution.[1] Kavadh, wanting to centralize power by taking power away from the great noble families, supported this movement. Upon Kavadh's death in 531, the Mazdakites gave their loyalty to Kavadh's eldest son, Kawus, while the noble families and the Zoroastrian Magi gave their support to Khosrau I. Khosrau presented himself as an anti-Mazdakite supporter.[2] He, much like his father, believed in a strong centralized government. Khosrau met his brother Kawus in war and defeated him as well as his Mazdakite followers. Subsequently Mazdak, as well as a majority of his followers, were executed for his heretical beliefs and Khosrau took the Sassanian throne.[3] At Khosrau's succession, Byzantine and Sassanian Persia were in open conflict with each other. Neither empire was able to get an advantage of the other, causing Emperor Justinian and King Khosrau to agree on a peace treaty in 531.[4]

Full article ▸

related documents
Michael IV the Paphlagonian
Osman II
Abdul Hamid I
Sigismund III Vasa
Philip VI of France
Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia
Pupienus and Balbinus
Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy
Herennius Etruscus
Yury of Moscow
Andronikos III Palaiologos
Franc Rozman - Stane
Look to Windward
John George III, Elector of Saxony
First Triumvirate
Timeline of Polish history
Sigismund, Archduke of Austria
William V, Prince of Orange
Heinrich Böll
Trebonianus Gallus
Good-Bye to All That
Murad I
Jin Dynasty (1115–1234)
Æthelfrith of Northumbria