Kim Philby

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Harold Adrian Russell 'Kim' Philby (1 January 1912 – 11 May 1988[1]) was a high-ranking member of British intelligence who worked as a spy for and later defected to the Soviet Union. A communist, he served as an NKVD and KGB operative.[2]

In 1963, Philby was revealed as a member of the spy ring now known as the Cambridge Five, along with Donald Maclean, Guy Burgess, Anthony Blunt and John Cairncross. Of the five, Philby is believed to have been most successful in providing secret information to the Soviet Union. His activities were moderated only by Joseph Stalin's concern that he might be a double agent.[3] Philby was an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) from 1946 to 1965.


Early life

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