Kimi ga Yo

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"Kimigayo" (君が代?) is the national anthem of post-1868 Japan.

It is also one of the world's shortest national anthems in current use, with a length of 11 measures and 32 characters.[1][2][3] Its lyrics are based on a Waka poem written in the Heian period (794-1185), sung to a melody written in the imperial period (1868–1945). The current melody was chosen in 1880, replacing an unpopular melody composed eleven years earlier. In summary, Kimigayo is mere one of post-1868 productions. While Kimigayo is usually translated as His Majesty's Reign, no official translation of the title nor lyrics were established by law.[4] During the imperial period, Kimigayo was the official national anthem.

When the “Empire of Japan” (imperial period) fell and the “State of Japan” (democratic period) started in 1945, polity was changed from absolutism to democracy. But, the last emperor of the former empire (Hirohito) was not dethroned and preserved the throne, the national anthem Kimigayo was not abolished, politicians of the former empire forced Kimigayo.

Legal recognization was in 1999 with the passage of Law Regarding the National Flag and National Anthem.

During the democratic period, there has been controversy over the performance of the anthem at public school ceremonies. Along with the Hinomaru flag, Kimigayo is claimed as a symbol of Japanese imperialism and militarism[1], Kimigayo and democracy are incompatible. Thus, essencial points of controversies to Hinomaru and Kimigayo are "Praise or condemnation to the Empire of Japan" and "the Empire of Japan (pre-1945) and the State of Japan (post-1945) are the same states or different states".

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