Kingman, Arizona

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Kingman (Huwaalyapay Nyava[2] in Mojave) is the county seat and city of Mohave County, Arizona. According to 2006 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 27,271.[3] The nearby communities of Butler and Golden Valley bring the Kingman area's total population to about 48,000.

Contents

History

Lt. Edward Fitzgerald Beale, a U.S. Navy officer in the service of the U.S. Army Topographical Corps, was ordered by the U.S. War Department to build a federal wagon road across the 35th Parallel. His secondary orders were to test the feasibility of the use of camels as pack animals in the southwestern desert. Beale traveled through the present day Kingman in 1857 surveying the road and in 1859 to build the road. The road became part of Highway 66 and Interstate Highway 40.

Kingman, Arizona, was founded in 1882. Situated in the scenic Hualapai Valley between the Cerbat and Hualapai mountain ranges, it is known for its very modest beginnings as a simple railroad siding near Beale’s Springs in the Middleton Section along the newly-constructed route of the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad. The city of Kingman was named for Lewis Kingman, who surveyed along the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad's right-of-way between Needles, Calif., and Albuquerque, N.M. Lewis Kingman supervised the building of the railroad from Winslow, Ariz. to Beale's Springs, which is near the present location of the town of Kingman.

During World War II, Kingman was the site of a U.S. Army Air Force (USAAF) airfield. The Kingman Army Airfield was founded at the beginning of WW II as an Aerial Gunnery Training Base. It became one of the USAAF's largest, training some 35,000 soldiers and airmen. This airfield and Kingman played a significant role in this important era of America's history. Following the war, the Kingman airfield served as one of the largest and best-known reclamation sites for obsolete military aircraft.

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