Kirtland, Ohio

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Kirtland is a city in Lake County, Ohio, USA. The population was 6,670 at the 2000 census. Kirtland is famous for being the early headquarters of the Latter Day Saint movement.



Kirtland is located at 41°36′9″N 81°20′41″W / 41.6025°N 81.34472°W / 41.6025; -81.34472 (41.602581, -81.344706)[3].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.7 square miles (43.3 km²), of which, 16.6 square miles (43.0 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²) of it (0.66%) is water.

Kirtland is located south of the lake shore plain of Lake Erie, and is situated on the higher elevations of the Allegheny Plateau. The principal geographic features are the East Branch of the Chagrin River, Pierson's Knob,[4] and Gildersleeve Mountain, which at 1163 feet (mean sea level) is the high point, 593 feet (181 m) above Lake Erie, 6.7 miles (10.8 km) to the north west.

Native vegetation is northern hardwood forest. Hemlock-hardwood forest is found in the higher elevations and along ravines, beech-maple forest is predominant in other areas. A few stands of old growth oak-hickory forest can also be found in the city.

Kirtland is located in the snowbelt region of Lake Erie, and has snowfall and weather patterns similar to nearby Chardon. In this area, annual snowfall averages over 100 inches (2.5 m) per year [1], and anecdotal evidence indicates seasonal snowfall can exceed 250 inches (6.4 m) in some microclimate areas.

Kirtland is primarily a residential community, however, over 20% of the land area is forest preserve or park land. The Holden Arboretum at 3,500 acres (14 km2) is the largest of these, but not all of Holden's land is located in Kirtland. Three Lake County Metropolitan Parks, are also found in Kirtland. The largest is Chapin State Forest, at 390 acres (1.6 km2), which includes much of Gildersleeve mountain. Also in Kirtland are Penitentiary Glen, and the Lake Farm Park. Lakeland Community College is also located largely in the City of Kirtland, the campus dominating the northern part of the city.

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