Kistler, Pennsylvania

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Kistler is a borough in Mifflin County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 344 at the 2000 census.

Contents

Geography

Kistler is located at 40°22′50″N 77°52′4″W / 40.38056°N 77.86778°W / 40.38056; -77.86778 (40.380652, -77.867737)[1].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.3 square miles (0.7 km²), of which, 0.3 square miles (0.7 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (7.14%) is water.

History

Kistler, Pennsylvania is one of the United States' lesser known Company Towns. A Company Town is a settlement built and operated by a single business enterprise.[2]. Most company towns were established between 1880 and 1930 during the early industrial age [3]. See list of company towns.

Kistler was initially established to meet the needs of a large manufacturing plant by providing comfortable homes for its workmen within close proximity of the factory [4]. The town was built and owned by the Mount Union Refractories Company (MURC), a large brick making plant originally located at the foot of Mount Union, Pennsylvania.

The MURC sought to design and implement an industrial village which provided the best home and surrounding environment for its employees, in the hope that this would achieve the highest possible working efficiency. In order to successfully accomplish this goal, the company appointed distinguished town planner John Nolen to design a model company town. John Nolen was a prominent planner of his time, producing nearly four hundred planning projects, with more than 25 of those company towns [5]. Nolen published New Towns for Old in 1927, which carefully outlines in detail the planning precautions taken in the towns’ design and also includes illustrations of Kistler’s planned layout [6].

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