Kliment Voroshilov

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Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov (Russian: About this sound Климе́нт Ефре́мович Вороши́лов​ , Ukrainian: Климент Єфремович Ворошилов, Klyment Yefremovych Voroshylov), popularly known as Klim Voroshilov (Russian: Клим Вороши́лов, Klim Vorošilov) (4 February 1881[1] – 2 December 1969) was a Soviet military commander and bureaucrat.


Early life and Russian Revolution

Voroshilov was born in Lysychansk (now in Luhansk Oblast, Ukraine), in the Russian Empire, to a railway worker's family of Russian ethnicity.[2] He joined the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party in 1905. Following the Russian Revolution of 1917, Voroshilov was a member of the Ukrainian provisional government and Commissar for Internal Affairs. He was well known for aiding Joseph Stalin in the Military Council (led by Leon Trotsky), having become closely associated during the Red Army's 1918 defense of Tsaritsyn. Voroshilov was instrumental as a commander of the Southern Front during the Russian Civil War and the Polish-Soviet War while with the 1st Cavalry Army. As Political Commissar serving co-equally with Stalin, Voroshilov was responsible for the morale of the 1st Cavalry Army, whose men were chiefly composed of peasants from southern Russia.[3] Voroshilov's efforts as Commissar did not prevent a resounding defeat at the Battle of Komarów or regular outbreaks of murderous anti-Semitic violence within the Cavalry army's ranks.[4]

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