Klondike (solitaire)

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Klondike is a solitaire card game. Many people refer to Klondike as "solitaire".



Taking a standard 52-card deck of playing cards (without Jokers), one upturned card is dealt on the left of the playing area, then six downturned cards (from left to right). On top of the downturned cards, an upturned card is dealt on the left-most downturned pile, and downturned cards on the rest until all piles have an upturned card. The piles should look like the figure to the right.

The four foundations (light rectangles in the upper right of the figure) are built up by suit from Ace (low in this game) to King, and the tableau piles can be built down by alternate colors, and partial or complete piles can be moved if they are built down by alternate colors also. Any empty piles can be filled with a King or a pile of cards with a King. The point of the game is to build up a stack of cards starting with 2 and ending with King, all of the same suit. Once this is accomplished, the goal is to move this to a foundation, where you have previously placed the Ace of that suit. Once you have done this, you have "finished" that suit- the goal being, of course, to finish all suits, at which time you will have won.

There are different ways of dealing the remainder of the deck:

  • Turning three cards at once to the waste, either allowing three passes through the deck or placing no limit on passes through the deck.
  • Turning three cards at once, reversing the order of each group of three as the cards are dealt.
  • Turning only one card at a time, but only passing through the deck once.
  • Turning only one card at a time, but placing no limit on passes through the deck.
  • Turning three cards at once to the waste with no limit on passes through the deck, but allowing the player to switch once to a single pass through the deck one card at a time; after that single pass, however, the player cannot go back to turning three cards at a time and can turn over no more cards from the waste.

Computerized versions

  • Michael A. Casteel's shareware version of Klondike for the Macintosh was first released in 1984, and has been continually updated since.
  • A software version of Klondike, simply named Solitaire, has been included in all versions of Microsoft Windows since Windows 3.0 (1990). The embedded versions of Microsoft Windows, originally called Windows CE and now called Windows Mobile, have also included Solitaire.
  • Klondike Deluxe AGA v1.1 for Amiga 1993
  • GNOME and KDE have solitaire applications (sol and kpat) since early versions.
  • Soltrio Solitaire will include Klondike for Xbox Live Arcade, for which the gamer will earn Achievements.
  • Klondike is one of the games included in the modern iPod's "Extras" section.
  • Klondike is available at online casinos using Cryptologic, Grand Virtual, Cantor Gaming, and 3Dice software.[1]

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