Kołobrzeg

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Kołobrzeg [kɔˈwɔbʐɛk] ( listen) (German: Kolberg (Ltspkr.png listen); Kashubian: Kòłobrzeg; Latin: Cholbergensis) is a city in Middle Pomerania in north-western Poland with some 50,000 inhabitants (as of 2000). Kołobrzeg is located on the Parsęta River on the south coast of the Baltic Sea (in the middle of the section divided by the Oder and Vistula Rivers). It has been the capital of Kołobrzeg County in West Pomeranian Voivodship since 1999, and previously was in Koszalin Voivodship (1950–1998).

During the Early Middle Ages, Slavic Pomeranians founded a stronghold at the site of modern Budzistowo. Thietmar of Merseburg first mentioned the site as Salsa Cholbergiensis. Around the year 1000, the area was under Polish rule and the stronghold briefly became seat of the Diocese of Kołobrzeg. During High Middle Ages, Colberg (later spelling Kolberg) was founded north of the stronghold in the course of the Ostsiedlung and chartered with Lübeck law. It later joined the Hanseatic League. Within the Duchy of Pomerania, Kolberg was the urban center of the secular reign of the Cammin bishops and their residence throughout the High and Late Middle Ages. When Kolberg was part of Brandenburgian Pomerania during the Early Modern Age, it withstood Napoleon's and Polish troops in the Siege of Kolberg. From 1815, it was part of the Prussian province of Pomerania. In 1945 the town was annexed by Poland and the remaining German population which did not flee the advancing Red Army was later expelled. The town, devastated in the preceding Battle of Kolberg, was rebuilt but lost its status as the regional center to nearby Koszalin.

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