Kochi, India

related topics
{city, large, area}
{country, population, people}
{island, water, area}
{company, market, business}
{language, word, form}
{land, century, early}
{area, part, region}
{school, student, university}
{work, book, publish}
{god, call, give}
{water, park, boat}
{system, computer, user}
{group, member, jewish}
{food, make, wine}
{city, population, household}
{government, party, election}

Cochin

Density
Metro

6,277 /km2 (16,257 /sq mi)
1,355,972[4] (2001)

Elevation
• Coastline

0 metres (0 ft)
48 kilometres (30 mi)

Precipitation

     3,228.3 mm (127.10 in)

Kochi (Malayalam: കൊച്ചി [koˈtʃːi]( listen)), formerly known as Cochin (the colonial-era name), is a major city and seaport located on the south-west coast of India by the Arabian Sea in Ernakulam district of Kerala state. Kochi is also often called by the name Ernakulam, which refers to the mainland part of the city. The Corporation of Cochin was formed in 1967 and includes Ernakulam, Fort Kochi, Mattancherry and several other towns.

The city lies about 220 kilometres (137 mi) north of the state capital, Thiruvananthapuram and about 180 kilometres (112 mi) south of Kozhikode, the third largest city in Kerala. The city of Kochi (pop. 564, 589) is Kerala's second largest city and is part of an extended metropolitan region (pop. 1.35 million), making it the largest urban agglomeration in Kerala. It is classified as a B-1 grade city[5] by the Government of India, making it the highest graded city in the state.

In 1102 AD, Kochi became the seat of the Kingdom of Cochin, which traced its lineage to the Kulasekhara Empire. Heralded as the Queen of Arabian Sea, Kochi was an important spice trading centre on the Arabian Sea coast from the 14th century. Occupied by the Portuguese Empire in 1503, Kochi was the first of the European colonies in India. It remained the capital of Portuguese India until 1530, when Goa was chosen instead. The city was later occupied by the Dutch and the British, with the Kingdom of Cochin becoming a princely state.

Kochi entered a period of economic growth after 2000, leading to a spurt in the city's development.[citation needed] The city hosts the Indian Navy's Southern Command and the Indian Coast Guard. Kochi's major development is attributed to the presence of several major industries like Cochin Shipyard, the Port of Kochi, and Fertilisers and Chemicals Travancore (FACT), academic centres like Cochin University of Science and Technology and Industrial parks such as Cochin Special Economic Zone and Infopark.

Full article ▸

related documents
Minsk
Abidjan
Thessaloniki
Tbilisi
Sarajevo
Tehran
Tirana
Riyadh
Colombo
Lviv
Belgrade
Trondheim
Toruń
Kolkata
Hanover
Tulsa, Oklahoma
Luton
Bangalore
Rome
Delhi
Wellington
South Bend, Indiana
Gold Coast, Queensland
Geelong, Victoria
Norwich
Las Cruces, New Mexico
Carlisle
Stirling
Amman
Erie, Pennsylvania