Koine Greek

related topics
{language, word, form}
{god, call, give}
{church, century, christian}
{theory, work, human}
{government, party, election}
{group, member, jewish}
{town, population, incorporate}

*Dates (beginning with Ancient Greek) from Wallace, D. B. (1996). Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics: An Exegetical Syntax of the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Zondervan. p. 12. ISBN 0310218950. 

Koine Greek (Greek: Ελληνιστική Κοινή) was a popular form of the Greek language spoken throughout post-Classical antiquity (c.323 BC – AD 330), developing from the Attic dialect during the Alexandrian Empire, with admixture of elements especially from Ionic. It was the first common supra-regional dialect in Greece and came to serve as a lingua franca for the Mediterranean basin and Near East and areas of Greek colonization, extending even into the period of the Roman Empire. Koine Greek spread all over the Roman Empire, even up the Rhone valley of Gaul; Roman satirists complained that even Rome had become a Greek city. Modern Greek is derived from Medieval Greek which in turn is derived from Koine.

It is important to Christians, as it was the language of the Canonical Gospels, the Septuagint (the Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible), the New Testament, and was the preferred language of the Church Fathers.[1] As a result Koine Greek is also known as Biblical, Patristic or New Testament Greek.[2][3]


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