Kosovo Liberation Army

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Operations Allied force


Panda Bar  – Suva Reka  – Velika Kruša  – Gornje Obrinje  – Cuska  – Račak

Prekaz  – Belacevac Mine  – Lodja  – Junik  – Battle of Glodjane  –

The Kosovo Liberation Army or KLA (Albanian: Ushtria Çlirimtare e Kosovës or UÇK) was a Kosovar Albanian guerrilla organization which sought the separation of Kosovo from Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in the 1990s.

Its campaign against Yugoslav security forces precipitated a major Yugoslav military crackdown which led to the Kosovo War of 1998-1999. Military intervention by Yugoslav security forces led by Slobodan Milošević and Serb militias within Kosovo prompted an exodus of Kosovar Albanians and a refugee crisis that eventually caused NATO to intervene militarily in order to stop what was widely identified (by NATO nations, human rights organizations, the EU, and western media) as an ongoing campaign of ethnic cleansing.[5][6] Later the UN Hague Court legally found that Serbia “use[d] violence and terror to force a significant number of Kosovo Albanians from their homes and across the borders, in order for the state authorities to maintain control over Kosovo” by means of "The commission of murder, sexual assault" and other war crimes.[7]

The conflict was ended by a negotiated agreement that requested the UN to take over the administration and political process, including local institutional building and determine the final status of the region.

The KLA was regarded by the US as a terrorist group until 1998 when it was de-listed,[8][9] and then the UK and the US lobbied France to do the same.[10] The US then cultivated diplomatic relationships with the KLA leaders.[9][11] In 1999 the KLA was officially disbanded and their members entered other armed groups such as various Albanian Macedonian rebels[12], the UCPMB in the Preševo Valley region[2] and UNMIK instituted NGOs within Kosovo such as the Kosovo Protection Corps (in accordance with UNSC resolution 1244 which required the establishment of a civilian emergency protection body to replace the former KLA) and Kosovo Police Force[13]. Some of the Kosovo Liberation Army leadership opted to enter politics, and by taking advantage of the 1999 confusion they still lead the Albanian faction of the partially recognized Kosovar government.[13]

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