Koyukuk, Alaska

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Koyukuk is a city in Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska, United States At the 2000 census the population was 101.

As of 2009, Koyukuk is one of a number of Alaskan communities threated by erosion.[2]

Contents

History

The Koyukon Athabascans had seasonal camps and moved when the wild game migrated. There were 12 summer fish camps located on the Yukon River between the Koyukuk River and the Nowitna River. Trading between the Koyukon and Inupiat of the Kobuk River area has occurred before the arrival of Europeans.

After the Alaska Purchase, a United States military telegraph line was constructed along the north side of the Yukon River and Koyukuk became the site of a telegraph station. A trading post opened around 1880, just before the gold rush of 1884-85. Steamboats on the Yukon, which supplied gold prospectors ran before and after 1900 with 46 boats in operation on the river in the peak year of 1900. A measles epidemic and food shortages during 1900 reduced the population of the area by one-third.

The first school in Koyukuk was constructed in 1939. After the school was built, families began to live at Koyukuk year-round.

Geography

Koyukuk is located at 64°52′54″N 157°42′16″W / 64.881745°N 157.704393°W / 64.881745; -157.704393.[3]

Koyukuk is located on the Yukon River near the mouth of the Koyukuk River. It is 50 km (30 miles) west of Galena. It is adjacent to the Koyukuk National Wildlife Refuge and the Innoko National Wildlife Refuge.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.3 square miles (16.3 km²), of which, 6.2 square miles (16.2 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.64%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 101 people, 39 households, and 24 families residing in the city. The population density was 16.2 people per square mile (6.2/km²). There were 55 housing units at an average density of 8.8/sq mi (3.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 8.91% White and 91.09% Native American.

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