Kurdistan Workers Party

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500 million Euros[9]

The Kurdistan Workers' Party (Kurdish: Partiya Karkerên Kurdistan or پارتی کار که‌رانی کوردستان Parti Karkerani Kurdistan), best known as PKK also called KADEK, Kongra-Gel, and KGK[6]), is a Kurdish separatist organization which fights an armed struggle against the Turkish state for the creation of an independent Kurdistan. The group was founded on 27 November 1978 and led by Abdullah Öcalan. The PKK's ideology is founded on revolutionary socialism and Kurdish nationalism. The PKK's goal has been to create an independent, Kurdish state. Kurdistan is a geographical region that comprises southeastern Turkey, northeastern Iraq, northeastern Syria and northwestern Iran, where the Kurdish population is the majority. This goal has now been moderated to claiming cultural and political rights for the ethnic Kurdish population in Turkey.[1] In 2010, however, after the PKK stepped up its military activities, Murat Karayilan threatened the PKK would declare independence if their demands were not met by the Turkish state.[10][11]

The PKK is listed as a terrorist organization internationally by a number of states and organizations, including the United States,[6][12] United Nations,[13] NATO[13] and the European Union.[13][14] The organization is listed as one of the 12 active terrorist organizations in Turkey as of 2007 according to the Counter-Terrorism and Operations Department of the Turkish police.[15] Turkey labeled the organization as an ethnic secessionist organization that uses terrorism and the threat of force against both civilian[14][16] and military targets for the purpose of achieving its political goal. The PKK leader said on an interview that the only reason they been put on "Terrorist" list is due to the political and economic interest of Turkey with the western nations. Including making up false stories to demonize the organization.[17]

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