Kyrgyz language

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Kyrgyz or Kirgiz, also Kirghiz, Kyrghiz, Qyrghiz (Кыргыз тили, Kyrgyz tili, قىرعىز تىلى) is a Turkic language and, together with Russian, an official language of Kyrgyzstan. Genetically it is most closely related to Altay and more distantly so to Kazakh; however, modern-day language convergence has resulted in an increasing degree of mutual intelligibility between Kyrgyz and Kazakh.

Kyrgyz is spoken by about 4 million people in Kyrgyzstan, China, Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Pakistan and Russia. Kyrgyz was originally written in Turkic uniform alphabet, [2] gradually replaced by a modified Perso-Arabic script until the mid-20th century, when a Latin script was briefly introduced, replaced due to Soviet influence with a modified form of the Cyrillic alphabet which eventually became common and has remained so to this day (although some Kyrgyz still use the Arabic script). When Kyrgyzstan became independent following the Soviet Union's collapse in 1991, there was a popular idea among some Kyrgyz people to revert to the Latin alphabet. However, that plan has never been implemented.


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