Lübeck

related topics
{city, large, area}
{war, force, army}
{land, century, early}
{area, part, region}
{church, century, christian}
{food, make, wine}
{town, population, incorporate}
{island, water, area}
{country, population, people}

The Hanseatic City of Lübeck (pronounced [ˈlyːbɛk]  ( listen), older [ˈlyːbeːk]) is the second-largest city in Schleswig-Holstein, in northern Germany, and one of the major ports of Germany. It was for several centuries the "capital" of the Hanseatic League ("Queen of the Hanse") and because of its Brick Gothic architectural heritage is on UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites. In 2005 it had a population of 213,983.

Situated at the Trave River, Lübeck is the largest German port on the Baltic Sea. The old part of the town is an island enclosed by the Trave. The Elbe-Lübeck Canal connects the Trave with the Elbe River. Another important river near the town centre is the Wakenitz. Autobahn 1 connects Lübeck with Hamburg and Denmark (Vogelfluglinie). The borough Travemünde is a sea resort and ferry port at the coast of the Baltic Sea. Its central station links Lübeck with a number of lines, notably the line to Hamburg.

Contents

History

The area around Lübeck was settled after the last Ice Age. Several Neolithic dolmens can be found in the area.

In addition to this, around 700 AD Slavic peoples started to come into the eastern parts of Holstein which had been left by many Germanic inhabitants in the course of the Migration Period. By the early 9th century Charlemagne, whose Christianisation attempts were opposed by Saxons, moved Saxons out and brought in Polabian Slavs, who were allied to Charlemagne, in their stead. Liubice ("lovely") was founded on the Trave banks about four kilometres north of the present-day city centre of Lübeck. In the 10th century it became the most important settlement of the Obotrite confederacy and a castle was built. The settlement was burned down in 1128 by pagan Rani from Rügen.

Full article ▸

related documents
Kalisz
Kassel
Arnhem
Volgograd
Grozny
Leiden
Brno
Plzeň
Hereford
Enschede
Częstochowa
Luxembourg (city)
Nancy
Nukuʻalofa
Port Moresby
Tampere
Echuca, Victoria
County Limerick
Baron Haussmann
Wallingford
Osnabrück
Saint John, New Brunswick
Odense
Liège (city)
Ilford
Houten
London Borough of Waltham Forest
Totnes
Newtownards
Kauniainen