Lāna'i City, Hawai'i

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Lanai City is a census-designated place (CDP) on the island of Lanai, in Maui County, Hawaii, United States. The population was 3,164 at the 2000 census. Because of the island of Lanai's small population, Lanai City functions as the island's main commerce and business area. Many of the island's restaurants and shops can be found in the town square that surrounds Dole Park.

In April 2009, Lanai City was named one of the top most endangered historic sites in the U.S. It is home to an intact plantation town, something not found on any of the other Hawaiian Islands, dating back to the early 1920s. This historic district is threatened by commercial development, which would involve the demolition of a number of historic buildings[1].

Lanai City is served by Lanai Airport (LNY).

Contents

Geography

Lanai City is located at 20°49′39″N 156°55′19″W / 20.8275°N 156.92194°W / 20.8275; -156.92194 (20.827574, -156.921912)[2].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.6 square miles (9.2 km²), all land.

History

Lanai was once the home of the pineapple plantation of entrepreneur James Drummond Dole, which spanned over 20,000 acres (81 km2) and employed thousands of workers. Dole owned the entire island for a time, and in the 1920s built Lanai City to house and serve the community of workers[3].

The corporation Castle & Cooke, which owns the Dole Food Company, still owns much of Lanai today, and intends to demolish much of what remains of the historic district, including homes, a laundromat, and a jailhouse all dating back to the 1920s, in order to build new commercial structures, including a supermarket described by the National Trust for Historic Preservation as "oversized" and "out-of-scale"[3].

Demographics

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 3,164 people, 1,148 households, and 796 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 885.5 people per square mile (342.2/km²). There were 1,343 housing units at an average density of 375.9/sq mi (145.2/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 13.24% White, 0.13% African American, 0.38% Native American, 58.09% Asian, 7.02% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 20.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.74% of the population.

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