L0pht

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{company, market, business}
{group, member, jewish}
{work, book, publish}
{city, large, area}
{math, number, function}
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{water, park, boat}

L0pht Heavy Industries (pronounced "loft") was a hacker collective active between 1992 and 2000 and located in the Boston, Massachusetts area.

Contents

Name

The second character in its name was originally a slashed zero, a symbol used by old teletypewriters and some character mode operating systems to mean zero. Its modern online name, including its domain name, is therefore "l0pht" (with a zero), not "lopht" (with an O), or "lØpht" (with a Nordic Ø), the latter of which would not have been a valid domain name at the time of its founding. The original idea for the name was simply "Lopht", but another member of the Boston hacker scene, Majikthys, suggested a 0 replace the o, and the idea was swiftly adopted.[citation needed]

The origin of the name may be traced to the fact that some of the founding members of L0pht shared a common loft apartment in Boston. There they experimented with their own personal computers, equipment purchased from Flea at MIT, and items obtained from dumpster diving local places of interest.[1]

History

L0pht was founded in 1992 in the Boston area as a location for its members to store their computer hardware and work on various projects.[2] In time, the members of L0pht quit their day jobs to start a business venture named L0pht Heavy Industries, a hacker think tank. The business released several security advisories and produced widely-used software tools such as L0phtCrack, a password cracker for Windows NT. On May 19, 1998, all seven members of L0pht (Brian Oblivion, Kingpin, Mudge, Space Rogue, Stefan Von Neumann, John Tan, Weld Pond) famously testified before the Congress of the United States that they could shut down the entire Internet in 30 minutes.[3]

In October 1999 L0pht was featured in a lengthy article in the New York Times Sunday Magazine.[4] In the article Jeffrey Hunker, NSC's then Director of Information Protection, raved about L0pht, "Their objective is basically to help improve the state of the art in security and to be a gadfly, so to speak."

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