L'Hospitalet de Llobregat

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L'Hospitalet de Llobregat (Catalan pronunciation: [ɫuspitəˌɫɛd də ʎuβɾəˈɣat]) or simply L'Hospitalet is a city to the immediate southwest of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, and the second largest in Catalonia by population. L'Hospitalet de Llobregat is notable for being one of the most densely populated cities not just in Spain but also in the European Union.


History and toponymy

The first records of the settlement date to the Neolithic era with artefacts showing human habitation in the Llobregat river area. Roman artefacts have been found dating to the 2nd century BC such as a funeral decoration representing the head of Medusa now in the archaeological museum of Barcelona. However it is not until the 10th century that written references to Provençana (the city's original name) appear. The current name originates from the Catalan language and derives from a hostel next to the Church 'Santa Eulalia de Provençana' used by pilgrims in the Middle Ages. The city retained the character of a village until the 19th century when the first textile factories were built causing a population boom.[citation needed] The 1960s and 1970s saw a second population boom, caused by immigration from poorer regions of Spain: however this was not matched by construction of the necessary amenities and it was only in the 1990s that public investment resulted in additional schools, leisure facilities and housing.

The Swedish painter and anarchist, Ivan Aguéli, died there, being killed by a train, in 1917.


Over 22% of the city's residential population was born outside of Spain, (mainly in Ecuador, the Dominican Republic and Morocco). However the city has a large number of permanent or non-permanent residents from other countries of the European Union. Its population in the 2006 census consisted of 78% born in Spain (52% in Catalonia) and broke down as follows:

  • Spain 207,930
  • The Americas 35,628
  • Africa 7,935
  • Asia 5,375
  • Europe (non-EU) 2,428
  • European Union 2,004
  • Oceania 10


Area: 12.49 km²

Skyscrapers (including planned buildings)

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