Lacrosse

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Lacrosse is a team sport of native american origin played using a small solid rubber ball and a long-handled stick called a crosse or lacrosse stick, mainly played on the eastern coast of the United States and Canada. The head of the lacrosse stick is strung with loose mesh designed to catch and hold the lacrosse ball. Offensively, the objective of the game is to score by shooting the ball into an opponent's goal, using the lacrosse stick to catch, carry, and pass the ball to do so. Defensively, the objective is to keep the opposing team from scoring and to dispossess them of the ball through the use of stick checking and body contact or positioning. The sport has four major types: men's field lacrosse, women's lacrosse, box lacrosse and intercrosse.

Lacrosse (in particular box lacrosse) is the national summer sport of Canada.

Contents

History

In many native American societies or tribes, the game was played to resolve conflicts, heal the sick, develop strong, virile men and prepare for war. Legend tells of games with more than 100 players from different tribes taking turns to play.[citation needed] It could be played on a field many miles in length and width (present day lacrosse is played on a field 60 yards wide and 110 yards long); sometimes the game could last for days. Early lacrosse balls were large and hairy made of deerskin, clay, stone, and sometimes wood.

Lacrosse, a relatively popular team sport in the Americas, may have developed as early as the 5th century,[1][2] but since then has undergone many modifications. In the traditional Native Canadian version, each team consisted of about 100 to 1,000 men on a field that stretched from about 500 yards to a couple of miles long.[3] These lacrosse games lasted from sunup to sundown for two to three days straight. These games were played as part of ceremonial ritual to give thanks to the Creator. The modern Ojibway verb 'to play Lacrosse' is baaga'adowe (Baggataway [sic]).[4]

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