Lagos

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Lagos (English pronunciation: /ˈleɪɡɒs/[3] LAY-gos;[4] Edo: Èkó)[5][6] is a port and the most populous conurbation in Nigeria. With a population of 7,937,932, it is currently the second most populous city in Africa after Cairo, and is estimated to be the fastest growing city in Africa (UN-HABITAT, 2008) and the seventh fastest growing in the world.[7] Lagos is the economic and financial capital of Nigeria and was once the capital of Nigeria.

Lagos was originally inhabited by the Awori subgroup of the Yoruba people. Under the leadership of their Olofin the Awori moved to an island now called Iddo and then to the larger Lagos Island. In the 15th century the Awori settlement was conquered by the Benin Empire and the island became a Benin war-camp called "Eko" under Oba Orhogba, the Oba of Benin of the time. Afterwards, an Oba (king) was established in Eko to care after Benin interests. The first Oba of Eko was Ashipa.[6][8] In 1472 the Portuguese arrived as the first Europeans to Lagos and they named Eko "Lago de Curamo" and eventually "Lagos" after Lagos, Portugal. The Portuguese and Lagos established trading and in 1730 Akinshemoyin who became the Oba of Lagos invited Portuguese slave traders to the kingdom. Lagos flourished under the Atlantic slave trade with the Portuguese and it continued to grow with slaves leaving its ports for Europe and the Americas. Lagos continued with slave trading after its outlawing by the British Empire in 1833. Oba Dosunmu failed to uphold the treaty that was signed to abolish the slave trade and in August 1861 the British annexed Lagos as a colony.[6]

Lagos is a huge metropolis which originated on islands separated by creeks such as Lagos Island that fringe the southwest mouth of Lagos Lagoon protected from the Atlantic Ocean by long sand spits such as Bar Beach which stretch up to 100 km east and west of the mouth. From the beginning Lagos has spread on the mainland west of the lagoon and the conurbation, including Ikeja and Agege, now reaches more than 40 km north-west of Lagos Island. There are suburbs like Ikorodu, Epe and Badagry and recently more local councils have been created to bring the total number of local governments in Lagos to 57.

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