Lake Michigan

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{@card@, make, design}
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Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America, and the only one located entirely within the United States. Geologically, it is a large bay of Lake Michigan-Huron (i.e., among other things, they share an elevation level). By itself, it is the second largest of the Great Lakes by volume[3] and the third largest by surface area, behind Lake Superior and Lake Huron (and is slightly smaller than the US state of West Virginia). It is bounded, from west to east, by the U.S. states of Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, and Michigan. The word "Michigan" originally referred to the lake itself, and is believed to come from the Ojibwa word mishigami meaning "great water".[4]

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History

Some of the earliest human inhabitants of the Lake Michigan region were the Hopewell Indians. Their culture declined after 800 A.D., and for the next few hundred years the region was the home of peoples known as the Late Woodland Indians. In the early seventeenth century, when western European explorers made their first forays into the region, they encountered descendants of the Late Woodland Indians: the Chippewa, Menominee, Sauk, Fox, Winnebago, Miami, Ottawa, and Potawatomi. It is believed that the French explorer Jean Nicolet was the first non-Native American to reach Lake Michigan in 1634 or 1638.[5]

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