Lanaʻi

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{island, water, area}
{god, call, give}
{land, century, early}
{area, community, home}
{water, park, boat}
{car, race, vehicle}
{son, year, death}
{food, make, wine}
{household, population, female}
{village, small, smallsup}
{town, population, incorporate}

Lānaʻi or Lanai (pronounced /ləˈnaɪ/ in English and [laːˈnɐʔi] or [naːˈnɐʔi] in Hawaiian) is the sixth-largest of the Hawaiian Islands. It is also known as the Pineapple Island because of its past as an island-wide pineapple plantation. The only town is Lānaʻi City, a small settlement. The island is somewhat comma-shaped, with a width of 18 miles (29 km) in the longest direction. The land area is 140.5 square miles (364 km2), making it the 42nd largest island in the United States.[2] It is separated from the island of Molokaʻi by the Kalohi Channel to the north, and from Maui by the ʻAuʻau Channel to the east. The United States Census Bureau defines Lānaʻi as Census Tract 316 of Maui County. Its total population was 3,193 as of the 2000 census.[3] Many of the island's landmarks and sites are located off dirt roads where four-wheel drive is required.

Contents

History

Lānaʻi has been under the control of nearby Maui since before recorded history. The first inhabitants of this island may have arrived as late as the 15th century. According to the Hawaiian legends, man-eating spirits occupied the island before that time. For generations, Maui chiefs believed in these man-eating spirits. Depending on which legend one follows either the prophet Lanikāula drove the spirits from the island or the unruly Maui prince Kauluāʻau accomplished that heroic feat. The more popular myth is that the mischievous Kauluāʻau pulled up every ʻulu (Artocarpus altilis) tree he could find on Maui. Finally his father, Kakaʻalaneo had to banish him to Lānaʻi, expecting him not to survive in that hostile place. However Kauluāʻau was able to outwit the spirits and drive them from the island. The chief looked across the channel from Maui and saw that his son's fire continued to burn nightly on the shore, and he sent a canoe to Lānaʻi to bring the prince, redeemed by his courage and his cleverness, back home to Maui. As a reward, Kauluāʻau was given control of the island and he encouraged immigration from other islands.[4] True to himself Kauluāʻau had, in the meantime, pulled up all the ʻulu trees on Lānaʻi, accounting for the lack of ʻulu on that island. The name Lānaʻi is of uncertain origin, but the island has historically been called Lānaʻi o Kauluāʻau. One theory is that the phrase means "day of the conquest of Kauluāʻau."

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