Larrea tridentata

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Larrea tridentata, known as Creosote bush as a plant, and chaparral as a medicinal herb[citation needed], and as "gobernadora" in Mexico, Spanish for "governess," due to its ability for inhibiting the growth of nearby plants to have more water. In Sonora it is more commonly called "hediondilla." [2]

It is a flowering plant in the family Zygophyllaceae. The species is named after J.A. Hernandez de Larrea, a Spanish clergyman.[3]

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Distribution

Larrea tridentata is a prominent species in the Mojave, Sonoran, and Chihuahuan Deserts of western North America, and its range includes those and other regions in portions of California, Arizona, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico and western Texas in the United States, and northern Chihuahua and Sonora in Mexico. It is closely related to the South American Larrea divaricata and was formerly treated as the same species.[4] The species grows as far east as Zapata County, Texas, along the Rio Grande River southeast of Laredo near the 99th meridian west.[5]

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